Month: August 2014

Issue 29: Belgian Grand Prix Review


26 August 2014

Race Summary: Daniel Ricciardo won an unlikely victory at Spa-Francorchamps as the Mercedes drivers collided on Lap 2, which effectively ended Lewis Hamilton’s race and severely hampered Nico’s Rosberg’s chances of a win. Rosberg finished second with Valtteri Bottas’ Williams coming third. Kimi Raikkonen put in a much-improved performance to claim fourth ahead of Sebastian Vettel.

It’s open civil war at Mercedes!

Mercedes are under severe strain, if not self-destructing. It was obvious from the immediate post-race fallout that the trust between Hamilton and Rosberg to race hard but fair has evaporated. More significantly, it was evident that the Mercedes management has lost control of its drivers. Talk of punishment and repercussions for Rosberg ring hollow, frankly. What can Mercedes actually do to ensure that their drivers follow any instructions from the team and don’t crash into each other? There’s a world championship on the line. Threats of fines or points on licences will not bring these drivers into line. As I see it, the only sanction Mercedes has this season is to threaten a driver with a race suspension. That would be dramatic though. And it would hand the title to the other driver.

Mercedes have brought this situation on themselves. They employed two of the best drivers in F1, built a vastly superior car that embraced energy recovery technology, but then failed to bring their drivers back in line earlier in the season. Mercedes enjoy a technical advantage beyond anything that Red Bull achieved in recent seasons, however, the German marque’s championship-winning season does not have the same clinically precision that Red Bull managed in 2011, for example. Things could have been different this season, however. If Mercedes had found a way to keep Ross Brawn at the end of 2013 he would probably have managed to minimise some of the operational errors and driver management failures that have hindered Mercedes. That said, I’m reluctant to stick the boot in to Mercedes too hard. To their credit, they have let their drivers race. Additionally, they stand practically on their own among the world’s car manufacturers when it comes to automotive heritage. And they give the impression that they care deeply about their history. These are qualities to admire.

Much has already been written about that incident at Les Combes on Lap 2. The collision was entirely unnecessary in my view and more importantly, it cost us the fans a classic battle for the lead with consequences for the world championship. The cause of the incident was undoubtedly poor driving on the part of Nico Rosberg. Hamilton had won the corner squarely; he was well within his rights to take the racing line and Rosberg had no business keeping his nose in the fight to ‘make a point’. However, what I find interesting is how the incident has been portrayed and analysed by pundits and fans on social media. The discussion of the incident reveals so many biases – hidden or overt. For example, some critics of Hamilton have almost grudgingly had to accept that Rosberg was at fault and have been keen to claim that ‘it was a racing incident’. They also point to similiar ‘wild moves’ made by Hamilton earlier this season. Actually, this reasoning conveniently forgets – or ignores – the fact that when Hamilton has collided with other drivers this season, there was a realistic overtake on and critically, any collisions he made did not cost his team an almost-certain 1-2 finish as Rosberg’s did. The move at Les Combes wasn’t just careless driving, it undeniably cost Mercedes an easy victory.

There is surely now a high-pressure environment within Mercedes. Luckily for F1 and its fans, in such an explosive situation there will undoubtedly be further twists and turns as this season plays out. Errors of judgment and technical failures are more likely under such pressure and further contact on the track is probable given such fierce competition.

2014 is not over yet by a long shot.

Williams out-strategised by Red Bull

Aside from Mercedes, there was in fact a decent Grand Prix at Spa last weekend. Red Bull cunningly took significant downforce off their car (I was amazed at the very skinny rear wing they ran on both cars), sacrificing speed in Sector 2 for a quick car in Sectors 1 and 3. It worked. The ever-impressive Daniel Ricciardo picked up the pieces when the Mercedes tripped over. In fact, I thought his very accomplished drive contrasted strongly with the rather scrappy efforts of his team-mate. Vettel made two driving errors in the early laps, the second of which allowed Ricciardo to easily pass him. Nevertheless, both Red Bull drivers made effective use of their Energy Recovery System to compete with the Williams of Bottas. Spa was made for the Williams FW36, but the team under-delivered again. Sure, the wet qualifying session did not help their cause, but so much more was expected from the Grove team. In Issue 27, I asked whether Williams could claim runner-up in the constructors’ title. I think we have the answer.

As for Ferrari and McLaren, I still have to blink when I see these two legendary teams scrapping for minor points. They gave us a thrilling battle in the closing laps, but where did it all go so wrong? That said, Ferrari performed better than I expected, albeit they were still painfully slow down the straights, which doesn’t bode well for their home race in two weeks’ time. Alonso was compromised by an operational error on Ferrari’s part at the start, but the under-pressure Raikkonen delivered. At Spa, the Finn showed he has not lost his speed.


Issue 28: Belgian Grand Prix Preview


21 August 2014

A crumbling masterpiece in the Ardennes

Like many F1 fans, Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps is one of my favourite tracks of the season. Spa is no longer the fearsome Grand Prix circuit of the 1950s and 1960s, but it still puts many sterile state-of-the-art F1 venues to shame. I attended the 2011 Belgian Grand Prix at Spa. Sure, the infrastructure for spectators was crumbling, access to/from the circuit was poor and the weather soaked us every few hours or so, but what a track! What surprised me most was the scale of elevation change, not least on F1’s rollercoaster ride through Eau Rouge, but also after Rivage where the track drops away steeply towards the heart of Sector 2. Spa has everything you want from an F1 circuit: it’s high-speed, there’s one great corner after another as well as several overtaking zones in the course of a lap. Then there’s the weather. Rain is almost guaranteed at some point during the weekend (the current forecast is for a wet qualifying session). Spa is situated in a valley in the Ardennes Forest, so the rain clouds hang low in the trees. In short, the weather is a wildcard.

After the tight right-hand hairpin at La Source (Turn 1), the cars gather speed on the downhill run to the infamous 180mph Eau Rouge kink. The drivers attack Eau Rouge with little or no lifting off the throttle before racing up the hill. The very bold chance their luck and their car with an overtake through Eau Rouge if their prey is slow exiting La Source. If the move doesn’t come off through Eau Rouge, the chasing driver gets a second bite on the Kemmel Straight after Eau Rouge and before Les Combes. Anyone lacking in straight-line speed will be a sitting duck for faster cars with DRS available.

Power and bravery – through Eau Rouge with less downforce than in 2013 and on the brakes for La Source and Les Combes where it’s easy to overshoot – are what’s required for a fast time in Sector 1.

Sector 2 is dominated by a series of fast, sweeping corners one after the other: the double-left-hander at Pouhon (145mph and 180mph) followed by Fagnes (105mph), then Stavelot (155mph) and Curve Paul Frere (150mph). A car with high aerodynamic downforce and low drag will excel here.

Like Sector 1, the final sector of the lap requires top-line speed. A good exit from Stavelot and Curve Paul Frere is essential in order to set a quick time in Sector 3. A slow exit here and the driver will pay a time penalty all the way until the braking zone for the final tight chicane. A good exit onto the start/finish straight is also important in order to defend against potential overtaking moves into the hairpin at La Source.

Spa places an exceptional demand on powertrains, with around 70% of the lap spent on full throttle. As a result, this means one of the highest rates of fuel consumption at any track this season. The tyres also take a pounding as they are subjected to high energy loads due to high-speed turns, Spa’s abrasive surface and rapid elevation change at Eau Rouge, which, according to Pirelli, results in 1G of negative compression. Teams whose cars manage tyre degradation better, most notably Force India, will likely gain an advantage as a consequence.

A challenge to Mercedes?

The relative performance between Mercedes and Williams will probably be one of the most fascinating dynamics at Spa. I still expect Mercedes to retain an edge over the field, but there are several reasons to think that Williams will push the German marque hard, as they did in Austria. While both teams have the benchmark powertrain, the FW36 has usually had the best straight-line speed on the grid. This is in part because of its low drag setup, which is all the more significant round Spa because the circuit is very high on drag sensitivity. A low drag car confers another benefit: a lower rate of fuel consumption, which again is significant at Spa given that its tough on fuel consumption. And in 2014, Williams have usually had the lowest fuel consumption rate in the field. Finally, Spa has few low-speed corners but plenty of medium- and high-speed turns that require good aerodynamic grip and balance, exactly the traits of the FW36. Any slip-ups or entanglements on Mercedes’ part and Williams are likely to be well in range to punish them. Watch out for the Grove outfit!

Perhaps the only weakness for Williams at Spa is the weather; their car does not deliver its best in the wet. With the forecast for rain in qualifying, this might mean that Bottas and Massa do not gain the optimal grid positions.

Red Bull will surely own Sector 2 given the sector’s prevalence of higher speed corners and the RB10’s superior chassis. However, the Red Bull drivers will struggle to match Mercedes and Williams in Sectors 1 and 3 due to the Renault’s power deficit and higher rate of fuel consumption compared to the Mercedes. Red Bull may even be forced to remove downforce from the RB10 in order to achieve sufficient straight-line speed in Sectors 1 and 3. If they don’t, they will struggle to pass anyone and be vulnerable to being passed.

As for Ferrari and McLaren, I suspect that Spa’s high fuel consumption rate will expose the Scuderia’s F14-T, which has generally been a thirsty powertrain due to their less powerful Energy Recovery System. Alonso and Raikkonen are likely to be forced to carry more fuel than the Mercedes runners. The other alternative is to use less power, but that’s not really an option at Spa! Likewise, McLaren are likely to struggle to set up the MP4-29 for best performance in the wide range of track and weather conditions at Spa. The MP4-29’s narrow performance window will show them up.

The battle of the strategists

The strategists will earn their money this weekend. The plethora of variables at Spa is enough to keep any strategist awake at night: unpredictable weather and track conditions, a high chance of a safety car, high tyre degradation, the need to protect the powertrain but also extract maximum horsepower etc.